Posted May 25, 2008
Have Your Say
"WHO OWNS THE STOCK? A recent article in the London Financial Times indicates why it is impossible to gain an accurate estimate of the wealth of the trillionaire banking elite. Discussing the sale of Evelyn Rothschild''s stake in Rothschild Continuation Holdings, it states:..[this] requires agreement on the valuation of privately held assets whose value has never been tested in a public market."

The Police State Road Map - Money - Banking Cartels - Who owns the stock

Michael Nield 2004, 2005

The Western money monopoly is the central pillar of the New World Order monolith. The ownership and control of commercial activity by a few British, European, and American families has created the necessary concentration of financial power to manipulate public policy at all levels through co-option of politicians, policy institutes, charities, educational establishments, and media outlets. Whilst there are some witting participants in the New World Order plan at the lower levels, most contributors are compartmentalized ''Manchurian Candidates'' who believe they are doing good.

Mass manipulation is the supreme application of money power since humanity would not knowingly build a prison for itself and hand the key over to a small ruling elite. To understand our current predicament, it is first necessary to examine who has the money and where they got it from.

THE MONEY MAGICIANS: "I am afraid that the ordinary citizen will not like to be told that the banks can and do create money... And they who control the credit of the nation direct the policy of Governments and hold in the hollow of their hands the destiny of the people" - Reginald McKenna speaking to stockholders as Chairman of the Board of Midland Bank in January 1924.

G. Edward Griffin's book The Creature from Jekyll Island is the source for the following explanation. It is a benchmark publication on the subject of banking and the New World Order. Western banks create money through a fractional-reserve lending system. Central banks lend money to governments to make up for the deficit in taxation receipts. The banks print money out of nothing and receive interest bearing government bonds in return. These bonds are called "securities" because they are backed by the full credit and integrity of taxpayers who pay back the loans through taxation. Eventually every pound or dollar borrowed passes through the current accounts and savings accounts operated by commercial banks. The bank owner beams at the sight of this. He is beaming so profoundly and impishly you'd think he'd discovered the goose that laid the golden egg. That's because he HAS discovered the goose that lays the golden egg.

Under the rules of fractional-reserve banking, for the purpose of lending money, he is allowed to print nine more pounds or dollars than he holds on deposit, or what ever ratio the central bank decides. He pays savers a modest rate of interest and charges borrowers a much higher rate on up to ten times the amount. His only costs are his buildings, employees, and book-keeping. The only risk he takes is an accounting risk if too many loans go into default at once. Commercial banks can also borrow money directly from the central banks if their reserves or profits are running low. Looking for the equity in this system is fruitless; it is a shameless fleecing of the public. Every penny and cent in circulation requires interest payment to the money powers because money is debt. Hundreds of billions of dollars world-wide are paid in interest every year to men who did not work for that money, did not shovel a spade of dirt for that money, did not create anything to earn that money, did not risk their homes to create that money; they did nothing except open a bank to print that money out of nothing.

A frequently asked question is, ''where does the money come from to pay the interest on the loan?'' Quite simply there is none. That money is never printed. You service interest payments the way men serviced their tenancy obligations in the Middle Ages. You service the debt through your labour. It's a game of musical chairs whereby the money keeps on circulating between creditors and debtors. The profits from the banks are used by their shareholders to buy goods and services. This enables you to earn the money to pay back the capital and the interest. If the game of musical chairs ever stopped there wouldn't be enough money in circulation to repay a penny or cent of interest. But the game is designed to go on forever.

THE BANKING CARTEL: The monopoly underlying all other monopolies is the banking cartel. The wealth of the Rothschild dynasty in the nineteenth century was legendary. In building the mightiest private bank the world has ever seen, the Rothschilds amassed the largest private fortune in the history of capitalism. The world gold price is still fixed daily in the Rothschild offices in London. Before World War I, potential competitors on Wall Street, which included European banking houses, decided that they could reduce competition from the provincial banks and achieve higher profits if only they had a functional central bank like those in Europe and cooperated in printing America's money.

A central bank is a private cartel enforced by the police power of government. Created in 1913, the Federal Reserve ''System'' was designed to benefit the most powerful New York banks, halting the loss of business to the hundreds of smaller banks in the southern and western states. The system appeared to distribute power equally between the twelve regional branches but in reality, it gave power to the New York branch controlled by The Money Trust on Wall Street. The Jekyll Island Plan for the Federal Reserve Act was drawn up by the five biggest banking houses in Europe and America: Rothschild, Rockefeller, Morgan, Warburg and Kuhn Loeb. It's chief architect was Paul Warburg of the German and Swiss banking house who moved to America only nine years earlier. He brought with him all the experience of European central banking. His brother Max Warburg was financial adviser to the Kaiser and later Director of Germany's central bank The Reichsbank.

Paul Warburg's Wall Street banking operation was a partnership with the Rothschilds in Kuhn Loeb and Co. After working together to create the ''Fed'', the members of the cartel devised the bankers acceptance market which powered up their newly created money printing press. Through the 1920s the bankers acceptance market created over half of all the money printed by the Fed. Since this time, the agents of the private commercial banks who sit on the boards of the central banks throughout the world, work together to formulate international monetary policy. In 1966 Bill Clinton's mentor at Georgetown University, Professor Carroll Quigley, described the system in his book Tragedy and Hope: The substantive financial powers of the world were in the hands of these investment bankers... who remained largely behind the scenes in their own unincorporated private banks. These formed a system of international co-operation and national dominance which was more private, more powerful and more secret than that of their agents in the central banks... In addition to these pragmatic goals, the powers of financial capitalism had another far reaching aim, nothing less than to create a world system of financial control in private hands able to dominate the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole.

This system was to be controlled in a feudalistic fashion by the central banks of the world acting in concert, by secret agreements arrived at infrequent private meetings and conferences. The apex of this system was to be the Bank for International Settlements in Basle, Switzerland, a private bank owned and controlled by the world's central banks which were themselves private corporations...This international nature of the cartel was evidenced during the 1920s when the Governor of the New York Federal Reserve Bank, Benjamin Strong, worked with Montague Norman, the Governor of the Bank of England, to assist the economy of Great Britain at the expense of American investors. Increasing the U.S. money supply contributed to a massive speculative boom in the stock market and the Wall Street Crash in 1929. Woodrow Wilson was the U.S. President when the Fed was created. In his book The New Freedom he commented on the centralization of banking power: Since I entered politics, I have chiefly had men's views confided to me privately. Some of the biggest men in the United States, in the field of commerce and manufacturing are afraid of somebody, afraid of something. They know that there is a power somewhere so organized, so subtle, so watchful, so interlocking, so complete, so pervasive that they had better not speak above their breath when they speak in condemnation of it.

The Rothschilds do not seek publicity but in July 2003 it was revealed in the mainstream news that the Rothschild international investment banking group is controlled by a parent company Rothschild Continuation Holdings A.G. in Switzerland. Far from being competing factions, the English and French Rothschilds have worked out a deal merging control of their respective banking houses by forming a new holding company, Concordia B.V. It is these family run private banks which continue to coordinate central bank policy. On 28 June 1998, The Washington Post published an article about the Bank for International Settlements describing how "this economic cabal.... this secretive group... the financial powers who control the world's supply of money" shape the world''s economy.

THE GREAT TRUST: In 1888, Edward Bellamy wrote a book entitled Looking Backward: 2000-1887 in which he predicted the future exactly as it happened: The nation... organized as the one great business corporation in which all other corporations were absorbed; it became the one capitalist in the place of all other capitalists... the final monopoly in which all previous and lesser monopolies were swallowed up... The epoch of trusts had ended in The Great Trust.

THE MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX: The bankers have invested their vast fortunes in every branch of commerce, cementing monopolies with interlocking shareholdings and directorships. In John D. Rockefeller's immortal phrase "competition is a sin." The establishment of the European-American petrochemical cartel was achieved in 1929 with the marriage of I.G. Farben of Germany to I.C.I. and Shell Oil of Great Britain, and to Standard Oil and DuPont of America. The cartel was formed after I.G. Farben discovered how to make petroleum out of coal. I.G. agreed not to enter the petroleum market so long as Standard Oil did not enter the chemical industry unless as a partner with I.G. By the beginning of WWII, I.G. had become the largest industrial enterprise in Europe, the largest chemical company in the world, and part of the most powerful cartel in history. Besides the afore-mentioned companies, I.G. had cartel agreements with 2000 companies around the world including Ford Motor Co, Alcoa, General Motors, Texaco, Proctor and Gamble, and virtually every enterprise that involved chemicals.

Regarding the Rockefeller connection, Hermann Schmitz, president of Bayer A.G and I.G. Farben during WWII, who also largely directed the Deutsche Bank, held a substantial amount of stock in Standard Oil of New Jersey. G. Edward Griffin's investigation into the cancer industry found that the cartel agreement signed between Standard and I.G. on 9 November 1929 involved the exchange of some of I.G.'s patent rights over the coal-hydrogenation process for $30,000,000 of Standard's stock. The Rockefeller group concealed it's I.G. holdings in false fronts and dummy accounts and when I.G.'s vast holdings were finally sold in 1962, it was the dominant force in carrying out the transaction. Paul Warburg, another founding member of the Wall St. banking cartel, was also a director of several I.G. subsidiaries.

A cartel is a grouping of companies that are bound together by contracts or agreements designed to promote inter-company cooperation and thereby reduce competition between them. Some of these agreements may deal with harmless subjects such as industry standards and nomenclature. But most of them involve the exchange of patent rights, the dividing of regional markets, the setting of prices, and agreements not to enter into product competition within specific categories.

In 1937, Fortune magazine editorialized: By and large, the chemical industry has regulated itself in a manner that would please even a Soviet Commissar... The the practitioner of one definite sort of planned economy.I n 1973, the United States Tariff Commission observed: In the largest and most sophisticated multinational corporations, planning and subsequent monitoring of plan fulfillment have reached a scope and level of detail that, ironically, resemble more than superficially the national planning procedures of Communist countries. Far from the money powers fighting for free-markets and against government regulation, the exact opposite is true. Giant cartels use government regulation and anti-trust laws to break up smaller cartels or to prevent competitors entering into the market. The cartels also need big government to directly restrict consumer choice, enabling the elite to control the population. This is how real money becomes real power. Monopoly capitalists promote socialism/collectivism because it increases their wealth and power. Socialism/collectivism is the necessary tool of fascism.

FIVE MONOPOLIES: The corporate monopolies over food, water, energy, medicine, and information are just some manifestations of The Great Trust which controls the world today.The explosive growth of three private water utility companies in the last 10 years raises fears that mankind may be losing control of its most vital resource to a handful of monopolistic corporations. In Europe and North America, analysts predict that within the next 15 years these companies will control 65 percent to 75 percent of what are now public waterworks. The companies have worked closely with the World Bank and other international financial institutions to gain a foothold on every continent. A yearlong investigation by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), a project of the Center for Public Integrity found that world's three largest water companies - France's Suez and Vivendi Environnement, and British-based Thames Water owned by Germany's RWE AG - have expanded into every region of the world since 1990. Three other companies, Saur of France, and United Utilities of England working in conjunction with Bechtel of the United States, have also successfully secured major international drinking water contracts. But their size pales in comparison to that of the big three.

The water companies are chasing a business with potential annual revenue estimated at anywhere from $400 billion to $3 trillion. In 2002, the American retailer Walmart was the biggest company in the world, with turnover of $219 billion ahead of Exxon at $191 billion and General Motors at $177 billion. Five retailers- Walmaart, Safeway, Kroger, Albertson's and Ahold take 33% of American grocery sales. In the U.K. there is even more consolidation: 60-75% of groceries are purchased in the top 5 supermarkets. The oil industry is dominated by five companies: ExxonMobil, Royal Dutch-Shell, British Petroleum-Amoco, Chevron-Texaco, and TotalFinaElf. Interestingly the recent Exxon Mobil merger reunited the two biggest chunks of John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil monopoly dismantled by the U.S. government 90 years ago. Mobil was Standard Oil of New York and Exxon was Standard Oil of New Jersey.

The world''s drug industry is dominated by 10 companies whose total market value at the time of writing exceeded (U.S.) $ 1.1 trillion. Rank in (U.S.) $ billion: Pfizer $244 Johnson and Johnson $161 Merck $124 GlaxoSmithKline $119N ovartis $113 Amgen $83 Roche $ 72 AstraZeneca $70 Eli Lilly $ 67 Wyeth $58

In 1985, there were 50 substantial media conglomerates in the U.S. By Year 2000 there were six: AOL Time Warner, The Walt Disney Company, Bertelsmann A. G, Viacom, Newscorporation, and Vivendi Universal. Vivendi Universal is the parent company of Vivendi Environment, the water conglomerate. Recently legal rulings in Europe clearly indicate that there is more trans-Atlantic consolidation to come. The London Financial Times reported on 21 July 03: The passage into law of the Communications Bill closes a turbulent chapter in the history of UK media ...allowed the lifting of the bar on investments in ITV or Channel Five by non-European interests, the largest of which are US media conglomerates... the bill is, by international standards, extremely liberal on ownership but highly structured for content regulation, to be applied by Ofcom, the new media regulator.This followed a European Court of Justice ruling in favour of mergers and acquisitions.

On 4 June 2002, the BBC reported that the European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled that restrictions by some European governments on foreign ownership of privatized companies are illegal. The decision makes it more difficult for governments to block foreign investment in former state-owned firms on national interest grounds, paving the way for more cross-border takeovers and mergers. The decision has also boosted a planned overhaul of E.U. takeover law aimed at making it easier for firms to launch cross-border mergers and acquisitions. The reform is an important element of E.U. plans to create a single European market for investment services by 2005.

WHO OWNS THE STOCK? A recent article in the London Financial Times indicates why it is impossible to gain an accurate estimate of the wealth of the trillionaire banking elite. Discussing the sale of Evelyn Rothschild''s stake in Rothschild Continuation Holdings, it states:..[this] requires agreement on the valuation of privately held assets whose value has never been tested in a public market. Most of these assets are held in a complex network of tax-efficient structures around the world. Queen Elizabeth II's shareholdings remain hidden behind Bank of England Nominee accounts. The Guardian newspaper reported in May 2002... the reason for the wild variations in valuations of her private wealth can be pinned on the secrecy over her portfolio of share investments. This is because her subjects have no way of knowing through a public register of interests where she, as their head of state, chooses to invest her money. Unlike the members of the Commons and now the Lords, the Queen does not have to annually declare her interests and as a result her subjects cannot question her or know about potential conflicts of interests...

In fact, the Queen even has an extra mechanism to ensure that her investments remain secret - a nominee company called the Bank of England Nominees. It has been available for decades to all the world's current heads of state to allow them anonymity when buying shares. Therefore, when a company publishes a share register and the Bank of England Nominees is listed, it is not possible to gauge whether the Queen, President Bush or even Saddam Hussein is the true shareholder.By this method, the trillionaire masters of the universe remain hidden whilst Forbes magazine poses lower ranking billionaires like Bill Gates and Warren Buffett as the richest men in the world. Retired management consultant Gaylon Ross Sr, author of Who's Who of the Global Elite, has been tipped from a private source that the combined wealth of the Rockefeller family in 1998 was approximately (U.S.) $11 trillion and the Rothschilds (U.S.) $100 trillion.(18)

However something of an insider's knowledge of the hidden wealth of the elite is contained in the article, Will the Dollar and America Fall Down on August 19?.." on page1 of the 12th July 2001 issue of Russian newspaper Pravda -s till considered the establishment voice of Russia's old guard communists who control the military and intelligence agencies. The newspaper interviewed Tatyana Koryagina, a senior research fellow in the Institute of Macroeconomic Researches subordinated to the Russian Ministry of Economic Development (Minekonom) on the subject of a recent conference concerning the fate of the U.S. economy:

Koryagina: The known history of civilization is merely the visible part of the iceberg. There is a shadow economy, shadow politics and also a shadow history, known to conspirologists. There are [unseen] forces acting in the world, unstoppable for [most powerful] countries and even continents.

Pravda: Just these forces intend to smash America on August 19?

Koryagina: There are international "super-state" and "super-government" groups. In accordance with tradition, the mystical and religious components play extremely important roles in human history. One must take into account the shadow economy, shadow politics and the religious component, while predicting the development of the present financial situation.

Pravda: Still, I don't understand what could be done to this giant country [the U.S.] whose budget is calculated in the trillions of dollars.

Koryagina: It is possible to do anything to the U.S... whose total debt has reached $26 trillion. Generally, the Western economy is at the boiling point now. Shadow financial activities of $300 trillion are hanging over the planet. At any moment, they could fall on any stock exchange and cause panic and crash. The recent crisis in Southeast Asia, which touched Russia, was a rehearsal. So here is sufficient indication: (U.S) $300 trillion of wealth is secretly controlled by an unspecified cabal of the world's richest families. The power of Rothschild family was evidenced on 24 September 2002 when a helicopter touched down on the lawn of Waddedson Manor, their ancestral home in Buckinghamshire, England. Out of the helicopter strode Warren Buffet, touted as the second richest man in the world but really a lower ranking player- and Arnold Schwarzenegger, candidate for the Governorship of California. Also in attendance at this two day meeting of the world's most powerful businessmen and financiers hosted by Jacob Rothschild were James Wolfensohn, president of the World Bank and Nicky Oppenheimer, chairman of De Beers. Arnold went on to secure the governorship of one of the biggest economies on the planet a year later. That he should be initiated into the ruling class in the Rothschilds' English country manor suggests that the centre of gravity of the three hundred trillion dollar cartel is in the U.K. and Europe not the U.S.

WHO OWNS THE MEDIA? The elite realized long ago how important it was to control public opinion using the mainstream media. The New World Order plan would collapse if for one day the mainstream media put the pieces together and told the whole truth. As this book proves, there are lots of stories exposing fragments of the N.W.O in the mainstream media. However they are dispersed between many different publications in many different countries so unless you spend hours each day trawling the newswires on the internet, you will never obtain all the pieces of the puzzle to build the complete picture. It's only when you see the international picture that it becomes clear that events are being coordinated. By simply reporting the facts instead of analyzing them in their international and historical context, the mainstream media has not exposed the shadow government or it's agendas to the general public.

However, the editorial policies of most mainstream media outlets are most definitely controlled by the elite and their minions. Keeping stories out of the press has been just as important as putting propaganda in, probably more so. Westerners receive relatively little news about the atrocities committed in the socialist dictatorships especially in the former Soviet Union and communist China which continue to this day. The last thing they want you to hear on the evening news is the fact that it's our money which has kept these regimes afloat. In 1917 Congressman Oscar Callaway told the House that in 1915 JP Morgan interests and their subsidiary organizations purchased the editorial policies of the 25 most important newspapers in the U.S. By controlling the policy of the most important, they were able to control the general policy of the whole media. They used this power to turn public opinion in favour of entering the First World War.

The Rockefellers took over the Morgan empire and in the 1950's they had one of their pharmaceutical company directors and publisher of the New York Times, Arthur Hays Sulzberger as director of the Associated Press, the most important newswire in the U.S. They also owned the trend setting magazines Time, Life, Fortune, and Newsweek. During the 1920s, Laurance Rockefeller was a director of The Reader's Digest, a barometer of orthodox thinking on the cancer problem. Whilst the stock holdings of the ultra rich remain largely hidden today, the power of lower order minions over the media is in plain view. The following is therefore only an indication of a much greater concentration of media ownership and control by the unseen elite.

Forbes Magazine's recent bio of Conrad Black reads: 67% ownership in Ravelston Corp., a privately held company, gives him control of a 78% stake in Hollinger Inc., a publicly traded Canadian holding company with real estate and other investments. Hollinger, in turn, owns 32%of the equity and 73% of he voting control of Hollinger International, the Big Board media company that owns the newspapers. There is also a hefty dose of debt financing in this chain. Thus does Black, with a mere $13 million of his own equity money in the till, control $2 billion in media assets. The assets are impressive: Black's 129 newspapers include the Chicago Sun-Times, the fifth-largest paper in the U.S.; the Jerusalem Post, with a circulation of 110,000; and the London Daily Telegraph, which has 40% of the market for national broadsheet newspapers in the U.K...Directors include such illuminati as Henry Kissinger; former Illinois Governor James R. Thompson; financier Henry Kravis'' wife, Marie-Jose Kravis; former ambassador to Germany Richard Burt; and Richard Perle, the controversial member of the Defense Policy Board."

Forbes ranks two media billionaires, Silvio Berlusconi and Rupert Murdoch, at numbers 3 and 4 in the world in terms of power and influence even though their wealth is ranked 45 and 54 respectively. Italy''s prime minister owes much of his influence to Fininvest, his investment firm that owns 49% of Mediaset, Italy''s largest television network. He also has interests in banking, insurance and publishing. Murdoch's media empire includes NewsCorporation and it''s U.K. subsidiary News International, British Sky Broadcasting Group, Sky Global Networks Inc. and Fox Entertainment Group. Besides T.V. networks and newspapers, this group also owns the publisher HarperCollins.

Two sisters Anne and Barbara Cox own 98% of Cox Enterprises which controls 17 daily newspapers (including flagship Atlanta Journal-Constitution), 15 TV stations, 78 radio stations and cable systems (6.5 million users). Their personal wealth is estimated to be $11billion each.(28)Two thirds of Viacom''s voting stock is controlled by Sumner Redstone whose personal wealth is estimated at $9.7 billion.(29)Viacom now owns CBS, Infinity Broadcasting, Paramount, Nickelodeon, MTV, and Blockbuster. In 1980 Ted Turner launched America''s first 24 hr. cable news service, CNN. Turner Broadcasting Systems was bought by Time Warner in 1996 but Turner remains Time Warner''s largest individual shareholder (only 1% at June 2003) and sits on it''s board.(30)Copyright by Michael Nield 2004All rights Reserved.Permission granted to reproduce for personal and educational use only. Commercial copying, hiring, lending is prohibited.

More Chapters Availble for online viewing at:
Chapter 1 End Notes1. Carroll Quigley, Tragedy and Hope: A History of the World in Our Time, The Macmillian Company, New York, 1966, p.3252. G. Edward Griffin, The Creature from Jekyll Island, American Media, Fourth Edition, 2002,3. Ibid., p.4374. Ibid., p.4735. Ibid., p.126. Ibid., p.187. Ibid., p.4828. Quigley, op cit., pp. 324, 326-3279. Griffin op cit., pp. 474-47510. Globalization, Robert Gaylon Ross Sr. See Rothschilds Continuation Holdings AG: Restructuring,Clarinet News, 9 July 2003. See
Dr. Stanley Monteith, The Brotherhood of Darkness, Hearthstone Publishing, 2000, p.33. See

End Notes
Dr. Stanley Monteith, The Brotherhood of Darkness, Hearthstone Publishing, 2000, p.152. G. Edward Griffin, World Without Cancer: The Story of Vitamin B17, American Media, second edition 1997, p.1833. Manning P, Martin Bormann: Nazi in Exile. Secaucus, NJ: Lyle Stuart, 1981, pp. 29, 56, 69, 116-17; 134-35. see article by Dr Leonard Horowitz at
G. Edward Griffin, op cit.,p.2365. G. Edward Griffin, The Creature from Jekyll Island, American Media, Fourth Edition, 2002, p.482 and Antony C. Sutton, Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler, CSG and Associates, 1976 p.1646. Griffin, World Without Cancer, pp.187-1897. International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), The Water Barons, a report for The Center for Public Integrity, 2003. See
Bill Marsden, Cholera and The Age of The Water Barons, The Center for Public Integrity, 2003. See
Impact of Wal-Mart on Retail Consolidation and Standardization, Infosys Technologies Ltd.See
What's Wrong With Supermarkets? CorporateWatch.See
James A. Paul, Iraq: the Struggle for Oil , Global Policy Forum, August, 2002 (revised December, 2002). See
Jobs slashed at new oil colossus, BBC news, London, 1 December 1998. See
The 2003 Global Scoreboard, BusinessWeek Online, November 2003.See
The United States of Television, Global Policy Forum.See
EU Court Boosts Foreign Mergers, Global Policy Forum.See
French Rothschild is set to take helm in London, Charles Pretzlik, Banking Editor, The Financial Times, London, 10 February 2003.17. Horses, stamps, cars - and an invisible portfolio, The Guardian, London, 30 May 2002.See,11550,724327,00.html
Robert Gaylon Ross Sr. See
Dr. Alexandr Nemets, Expert: Russia Knew in Advance, Encouraged Citizens to Cash Out Dollars,, 17 Sept. 2001. See
Arnold and Buffett's Loaded Elephant Gun? Buffett's Back with the Terminator!, Reuters24 Sept. 2002 .See copy at
Monteith, op cit., p.3122.
Hans Ruesch, The Drug Story.See Dr Leonard G. Horowitz, Death In The Air, Tetrahedron Publishing Group, 2001 p.364.See
Robert Lenzner, Press Lord Pressed, Forbes Magazine, 26 May 2003.See
The 10 Most Powerful Billionaires, Forbes Magazine, 17 March 2003.See
Keith Rupert Murdoch, tearsheet, Forbes Magazine, November 2003.See

From Mkt Guide Id Person Tearsheet.jhtml? Who Owns What: News Corporation, Columbia Journalism Review, 21 July 2003.See
Star Power, Forbes Magazine, 10 June 2003.See
Sumner M Redstone, World's Richest People 2003, Forbes Magazine.See Robert E. (Ted) Turner, World's Richest People 2003. Forbes Magazine.See